Modesty gives true confidence to a woman because, by it, she shows that she has the patience to reveal herself only to the man who is man enough to wait for her. Modest is hottest.— (via niki95rene)
I keep thinking oh man, I’m so immature. How am I allowed to be an adult.
Then I spend time with teenagers.
And it’s like, wow, okay, yeah. I am an adult. I am so adult. Look at me adulting all over the place.
Today I decided to re-dedicate my life to God. The last time I made this decision I was 16 and fresh out of my sophomore year of high school. But not long after, I was discouraged from my faith by none other than my middle school youth group leader, and I began to question everything. I remember thinking Christianity was just a joke because nobody who claimed to love God like that leader did should ever say the things he said, especially to a child who was in the middle of discovering who she was and what she wanted to believe. Questions came into my head left and right, all making me think twice about what I thought I believed. How do you know Christianity and the Bible are the truth? I can name plenty of other religions with books who all claim their way is the only way. I think this was the biggest question that always bugged me.
After researching the internet, studying the bible and books from other religions, speaking with friends who are awesome women of God, and seeing films like “God’s Not Dead,” I’ve found the answers I’ve been seeking for so long and I finally feel at peace. The way I see it, it’s not necessarily about following a certain religion. It’s studying God’s word and building a one-on-one relationship with Him, living your life for Him, and spreading His word. By glorifying God in all that you do and accepting Him as your holy savior, you’ll receive eternal life and all the glories of heaven. And I am so excited to share with you all that this includes me now.
Thank you Dan, for discouraging me and pushing me away. You made me stronger in forcing me to find all the answers I was searching for, and now that I’ve succeeded, my relationship with God is stronger than ever. No I’m not perfect, and I still have some things I need to work on in my life, but I believe with time I can get mostly everything straightened out. Thank you for sharing my excitement for my newfound love, Jesus Christ.
By tracking brain activity when an animal stops to look around its environment, neuroscientists at Johns Hopkins University believe they can mark the birth of a memory.
Using lab rats on a circular track, James Knierim, professor of neuroscience in the Zanvyl Krieger Mind/Brain Institute at Johns Hopkins, and a team of brain scientists, noticed that the rats frequently paused to inspect their environment with head movements as they ran. The scientists found that this behavior activated a place cell in their brain, which helps the animal construct a cognitive map, a pattern of activity in the brain that reflects the animal’s internal representation of its environment.
In a paper recently published in the journal Nature Neuroscience, the researchers state that when the rodents passed that same area of the track seconds later, place cells fired again, a neural acknowledgement that the moment has imprinted itself in the brain’s cognitive map in the hippocampus.
The hippocampus is the brain’s warehouse for long- and short-term processing of episodic memories, such as memories of a specific experience like a trip to Maine or a recent dinner. What no one knew was what happens in the hippocampus the moment an experience imprints itself as a memory.
“This is like seeing the brain form memory traces in real time,” said Knierim, senior author of the research. “Seeing for the first time the brain creating a spatial firing field tied to a specific behavioral experience suggests that the map can be updated rapidly and robustly to lay down a memory of that experience.”
A place cell is a type of neuron within the hippocampus that becomes active when an animal or human enters a particular place in its environment. The activation of the cells help create a spatial framework much like a map, that allows humans and animals to know where they are in any given location. Place cells can also act like neural flags that “mark” an experience on the map, like a pin that you drop on Google maps to mark the location of a restaurant.
“We believe that the spatial coordinates of the map are delivered to the hippocampus by one brain pathway, and the information about the things that populate the map, like the restaurant, are delivered by a separate pathway,” said Knierim. “When you experience a new item in the environment, the hippocampus combines these inputs to create a new spatial marker of that experience.”
In the experiments, researchers placed tiny wires in the brains of the rats to monitor when and where brain activity increased as they moved along the track in search of chocolate rewards. About every seven seconds, the rats stopped moving forward and turned their heads to the perimeter of the room as they investigated the different landmarks, a behavior called “head-scanning.”
“We found that many cells that were previously silent would suddenly start firing during a specific head-scanning event,” said Knierim. “On the very next lap around the track, many of these cells had a brand new place field at that exact same location and this place field remained usually for the rest of the laps. We believe that this new place field marks the site of the head scan and allows the brain to form a memory of what it was that the rat experienced during the head scan.”
Knierim said the formation and stability of place fields and the newly-activated place cells requires further study. The research is primarily intended to understand how memories are formed and retrieved under normal circumstances, but it could be applicable to learning more about people with brain trauma or hippocampal damage due to aging or Alzheimer’s.
“There are strong indications that humans and rats share the same spatial mapping functions of the hippocampus, and that these maps are intimately related to how we organize and store our memories of prior life events,” said Knierim. “Since the hippocampus and surrounding brain areas are the first parts of the brain affected in Alzheimer’s, we think that these studies may lend some insight into the severe memory loss that characterizes the early stages of this disease.”